Researchers rebuild a beautiful house in Pompeii using 3D technology

By combining traditional archeology with 3D technology, researchers from Lund University in Sweden have successfully reconstructed a house in Pompeii to its original state before the volcano Mount Vesuvius erupted thousands of years ago. years.

Unique video material has now been produced showing their creation of a 3D model of an entire city block.

After the catastrophic earthquake in Italy in 1980, the curator of the city of Pompeii invited the international research community to help document the ruined city, before the state of the discoveries of the eruption of the volcano in 79 after JC does not deteriorate even more. The Swedish Pompeii project was therefore launched at the Swedish Institute in Rome in 2000. The researcher in charge of the rescue operation was Anne-Marie Leander Touati, at the time director of the institute in Rome, today Professor of Classical Archeology and Ancient History at Lund University.

Since 2010, research has been managed by the Department of Archeology and Ancient History in Lund. The project now also includes a new branch of advanced digital archaeology, with 3D models demonstrating completed photographic documentation. The city district was scanned during fieldwork in 2011-2012 and the first 3D models of the ruined city are now complete. The models show what life was like for the inhabitants of Pompeii before the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius. Researchers have even managed to complete the detailed reconstruction of a large house, belonging to the wealthy man Caecilius Iucundus.

“By combining new technology with more traditional methods, we can describe Pompeii in greater detail and more accurately than before,” says Nicoló Dell’Unto, a digital archaeologist at Lund University.

Among other things, researchers uncovered floor surfaces from AD 79, carried out detailed studies of the building’s evolution through history, cleaned and documented three large wealthy estates, a tavern, a laundry, a bakery and several gardens. In a garden, they discovered that some of the taps of a stunning fountain were open at the time of the eruption – water was still gushing when the rain of ash and pumice fell on Pompeii.

Researchers have also occasionally found completely intact layers. In one store, there were surprisingly three intact windows (made of translucent crystalline gypsum) from ancient Rome, stacked close together. By studying water and sewage systems, they were able to interpret the social hierarchies of the time, and see how retailers and restaurants depended on large, wealthy families for water, and how conditions improved towards the end, before the eruption.

An aqueduct was built in Pompeii, allowing residents to no longer depend on a few deep wells or rainwater reservoirs collected from large wealthy families.

This article has been republished from materials provided by Lund University. Note: Material may have been edited for length and content. For more information, please contact the quoted source.

Research paper:

Emmanuel Demetrescu et al. Rebuild the original splendor of the house of Caecilius Iucundus. A comprehensive methodology for virtual archeology for digital exhibition. Scire that, 2016; DOI: 10.2423/i22394303v6n1p51

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